Cognitive science is still in its infancy. We have learned so much in the past 50 years, but it’s vitally important that we recognise we still have far more still to learn. These infographics represented what was publicly ‘known’ or at least widely believed when they were created; there may be research happening right now that makes them out of date. I will of course, endeavour to update these as I become aware of such progress.
For me, the important thing to take from Frith’s IFF (interactive factors framework) is the knowledge that certain physical, psychological and environmental factors may pose a risk of difficulties for some individuals with particular tasks and situations. However, there are protective measures that can be taken, support that can be put in place and adjustments, accommodations or adaptations that can be made.
In each of these, I have included a ‘risk’: what might happen if an individual is not properly supported through reasonable adjustments, accommodations and accessible provision. That risk relates closely to mental health; however, with timely assessment, understanding and the right support, we can all help to improve outcomes.